1. Human Habitats and/or Territorial Metabolism
Urban metabolism is a framework for modeling complex urban systems’ material and energy streams as if the city were an ecosystem. This approach allows the dynamics of cities (beyond ‘traditional’ mobility and the relationship between built/(un)cultivated environments) to be studied in relation to scarcity, carrying capacity and conservation of mass and energy. Urban metabolism, however, neglects the sociological fact that humans are malleable and conditioned by their social environment, not the natural environment. Human behavior is primarily influenced by societal norms rather than immutable natural laws. Though sociological studies of urban metabolism have shown the irrationality of societies in regard to essential streams (water, nutrients, etc.), there is one, thankfully positive, observation: human settlements are able to adapt to environmental conditions. Let us explore how we can balance or unite these two perspectives.
Photo by: Prof.dr.ir. Arjan van Timmeren
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Prof. Arjan van Timmeren
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Faculty of Architecture and the Built EnvironmentFaculty of Architecture and the Built EnvironmentJulianalaan 132-134 2628BL Delft Netherlands